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All About Bleeding
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Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds

Everyone has experienced a nosebleed at some time, though they are most common in children ages 2-to-10 and adults over 50. There can be many reasons why they occur, and the majority of them are not serious.

To Stop a Nosebleed

  • Stay calm (or help the young child to stay calm).
  • Keeping the head higher than the heart, sit up, leaning slightly forward.
  • Use your thumb and index finger to squeeze together the soft portion of the nose. Apply pressure between the end of the nose and the bony ridge of the bridge of the nose.
  • You can also place a cotton ball soaked with nasal spray into the nostril and apply pressure.
  • Pinch steadily for at least 5 minutes until the bleeding stops. If bleeding continues, pinch for 5-10 more minutes.

They are most commonly caused by something in the nostrils that is simple and easy for a doctor to detect, such as a polyp, infection, inflammation…or, in small children, even an object they have inserted! Or they may result from hormone changes, high blood pressure, or use of a nasal spray or other drug.

In very rare instances, frequent, heavy or prolonged nosebleeds are a symptom that blood may not be clotting properly.

If your nosebleeds occur often, last over 20 minutes, or flow heavily, schedule an appointment with your family doctor or otolaryngologist. He/she will determine whether a blood test is needed to determine the cause and the best way to treat your nosebleeds. If your nosebleeds are found to be caused by a bleeding disorder, bring this checklist of questions when you visit your doctor.



 


Last Updated: 11/4/2012 3:57 PM
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